Most drownings happen quickly and silently, and oftentimes can be avoided.    One way to avoid fatalities is to designate an adult caregiver as a “Water Watcher” by the pool or body of water.  This responsible adult will have the role of actively watching any child in or near the water.  A brief phone call, text message or other distraction is all it takes for a tragedy to happen.   Here are some other pool and spa tips:


  • Put up a fence that’s at least 4 feet high and surrounds all sides of the pool.  There should also be a gate that closes and latches itself, plus is lockable.
  • Use door, gate, and pool alarms.


  • Always watch children in or near water.  Watch children even if they know how to swim.
  • Children who can’t swim or can’t swim well should be within your reach.
  • Keep a phone near you to use only if you need to call for help.
  • If a child is missing, look in the pool or spa first.


  • Both adults and children should learn to swim.
  • Learn CPR